The Breakup of Yugoslavia

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Yugoslavia, a socialist federation of republics in southeastern Europe, was born out of a noble ideal: promoting unity among the south Slavs, a people whose commonalities were as numerous as their differences. Under the leadership of Prime Minister Josip Broz Tito, post-World War II Yugoslavia seemed to flourish. It boasted high living standards, an open society in which citizens were free to travel to the west, and an apparent resolution of questions of national identity. However, the state of the federation hung in a precarious balance with disintegration looming.

The year is 1991. Eleven years after the death of Prime Minister Tito, tensions in Yugoslavia have come to a head. Conflicts are flaring between the region’s many ethnic and religious groups, nationalism is on the rise, and republics have begun to seek independence. As heads of state and leaders of movements, you must address these conflicts as you navigate governance and unity in a rapidly changing nation.